- indigenous peoples inhabiting northern Canada, Alaska, Greenland and far-eastern Siberia, who traditionally survive by hunting (1580s, often considered offensive)
- the languages or group of languages spoken by these peoples
From: Fr. Esquimaux (pl.), possibly from Sp. esquimal, from Montagnais ayaškimeu “netter of snow shoes”, or Dan. Eskimo or Fr. Esquimaux, from an Algonquian language, such as Abenaki askimo, Ojibwa ashkimeq, lit. “eaters of raw meat”, from Proto-Algonquian *ask- “raw” + *-imo “eat”.
Controversy: Due to the implications of the second etymology, and because the term is not universal, Eskimo has largely fallen out of favor and has been considered offensive in recent years.
Usage: Because the etymological debate over the origin of the term is still unresolved, the native names Inuit, lit. “man”, and Yup’ik (from Yup’ik yuk ”person” + -pik ”real, genuine”), lit. “real person”, are of recommended use instead. In the United States, the term is still often applied in professional contexts, as there is no universal replacement for Eskimo. The broader term “Native American” is also sometimes applied.
Rusia is supposed to be a society mixed with Russians and eskimos (inupiat and yupik) as well as inuits but since everyone kind of already know how ruskis look like, here are some spam of the other people. In Rusia, the russians are the majority, the other indigenous people are in small groups living their life traditionally for the most parts.